Experts recommend taking a step back before you decide to buy and asking yourself a few critical questions about your financial situation:
- Do you have the ability to pay cash for your vacation home?
- Have you paid off the mortgage on your primary residence?
- Have you already saved or are you on the right path to saving enough for retirement?
- Do you have a substantial “rainy-day” fund?
- Are you past paying for your child’s college education?
Affording a vacation homeIf you must finance a vacation home, it’s better to have a much higher down payment going into the house. Consider investing at least 20 – 30 percent of the home’s cost as a down payment to qualify for a loan on the home. Even then, you will likely find that interest rates for vacation homes are higher than for your primary residence.
The best option is to pay for your vacation home up front. In high-demand areas, the costs of paying cash can be prohibitive. Another opportunity to consider is purchasing the property as an investment property. Then, you can hire a property management agency to rent the property out when you are not using it to help defray the costs of your investment.
In some cases, rental income can make up the difference in the cost, allowing you to recoup your investment quickly and pay as little interest on the loan as possible. That is one case where financing your vacation home may be an attractive option. Just remember that you are responsible for the condition of, maintenance of and repairs to the property when you have renters. You will also have to work out a schedule that works for you concerning when you will use your vacation home and when it will be available for rent.
Cost of vacation home ownershipThe costs of ownership go well beyond the costs of buying a vacation home. In addition to the usual expenses related to buying a home (mortgage, insurance, etc.), there are additional expenses you must consider as well, such as:
- Travel/commuting costs
- Property maintenance
- Property management
Rent or buy a vacation home?Depending on how you plan to use your vacation home, and how often, it might be a better investment to rent a vacation home rather than to purchase one. Renting a home for one or two weeks in the summer is much more cost effective than paying all the expenses on a house you are only likely to use a few times each year. Plus, you can use your vacation dollars to enjoy a change of scenery, rather than going to the same place year after year.
If you are only planning a couple of weeks or extended weekends each year in your vacation home, renting is the better financial choice for the average consumer. That is, of course, unless you are viewing this as a potential investment.
If you are planning to spend an entire summer or several weeks throughout the year in your vacation home, on the other hand, it might be worth considering purchasing the home.
Buying a vacation home is a long-term investment in your happiness and that of your family. It’s also a massive financial undertaking. Make sure you understand the full scale of that purchase before you commit.
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