On March 11, President Joe Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 into law, launching funding for a number of programs. The legislation includes help for small businesses, restaurants and airlines—and changes the dollar amount available for parents who have children.
For 2020 tax returns, the child tax credit (CTC) was worth $2,000 for each child under the age of 17 who was claimed as a dependent on your return. This credit phased out if your adjusted gross income (AGI) was above $400,000 (joint return) or over $200,000 on a single or head-of-household return.
In 2021, the American Rescue Plan temporarily expanded the CTC to $3,000 for children over 6 years old and $3,600 for children under 6 years old—fully refundable. One major change to the credit is that instead of having to wait until you file your 2021 return to get the money, you will now receive half of it in advance, with monthly direct deposits starting in July of this year. These payments will continue through December, with the remaining second half (6 months) available when you file your 2021 return.
Some general rules still carry forward from 2020, such as all children need to be U.S. citizens, national or resident aliens and have Social Security Numbers. You will also need to claim the child as a dependent on your 2021 return.
Do all families qualify?
Not all families will qualify, as there are income limits established to receive the CTC. Through the American Rescue Plan, the CTC will phase out with Adjusted Gross Incomes of $75,000 for single filers, $112,500 for head-of-household and $150,000 for joint filers.
Breakdown of payments (per qualifying child):
|Month||Payment ages 5 and younger||Payment ages 6 to 17|
|July 2021 (first payment)||$300||$250|
|December 2021 (last monthly payment)||$300||$250|
|April 2022 (second half of payment)||$1,800||$1,500|
Let’s look at a scenario for a married couple filing jointly that has two children under 6 and one child between 6 and 17, making less than $150,000. They will receive $850/month from July through December and then will receive their second half payment when filing taxes in April for $5,100. That is a total of $10,200!
Open that bank account!
For those who file taxes without using direct deposit for their refund, this would be a great time to open a bank account to have these funds deposited sooner. That way, you don’t have to wait on a check. Banks have many choices when it comes to bank accounts. Some banks even have second-chance accounts for those may have made mistakes in the past and need a second chance.
What do I do with this money?
Obviously, this money can help with the day-to-day expenses with having children (diapers, formula, clothes, etc.). However, if you are in a situation where you and your spouse have been working and earning regular paychecks, this is a GREAT time to save some of this money for your short- and long-term goals. This could be saving for sending kids to college, building that emergency fund, future vacations and more.
One way to automate these savings is to set up an auto transfer from one account to the other. For example, the couple from the previous scenario could take this new $850 per month and set up a direct transfer for their savings account. In six months, there will be an additional $5,100 in that account. What a nice relief that would be for many families who have struggled to pad that emergency fund, save for college or meet other personal savings goals.
As always, be sure to check with your tax professional for advice about your individual situation.
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